Back injuries are very common, they are often caused by an everyday fall or sports injury. The most common types of back surgery address the most common injuries. Disc decompression surgery removes a small portion of the affected vertebra, easing swelling and stopping pain in the joint. Other common surgeries include vertebral fusion and removal of the cartilaginous discs that separate the vertebrae.
The knees are large and complex joints. They carry a person’s entire body weight and come under a lot of stress during sports and physical activities. Unsurprisingly then, knee injuries are very common as are the surgeries that fix them. Most common is damage or tearing of the meniscus and ruptures or tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).
Shoulder injuries are fairly common among active people. Dislocations and damage to the Rotator Cuff, a group of muscles and tendons that attach the upper arm to the shoulder, are among the most typical injuries. Consequently, the most common surgeries are shoulder stabilization, Rotator Cuff repair. Also very common is the total replacement of the shoulder joint.
The neck vertebrae are called the cervical spine and when a neck injury occurs, this is most often where they take place. Common neck surgeries are: discectomies, laminoplasty, vertebral fusion, and laminectomy. Discectomies and vertebral fusions of the cervical spine are similar to procedures done on the lumbar and thoracic spine or back. Laminoplasty and laminectomies are the removal or alteration of the laminae, bony plates on the back side of the vertebrae that protect the spinal column.
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