Second degree burns are significantly more serious and more painful than first degree burns. The amount of skin damage is increased, the length of time required for healing is increased, and the victim of a second degree burn is more likely to get an infection or experience further complications. The following are signs and treatments provided by CDC.Gov:
Second-degree burns involve the first two layers of skin.
- Deep reddening of the skin
- Glossy appearance from leaking fluid
- Possible loss of some skin
- Immerse in fresh, cool water, or apply cool compresses. Continue for 10 to 15 minutes.
- Dry with clean cloth and cover with sterile gauze.
- Do not break blisters.
- Do not apply ointments or butter to burns; these may cause infection
- Elevate burned arms or legs.
- Take steps to prevent shock: lay the victim flat, elevate the feet about 12 inches, and cover the victim with a coat or blanket. Do not place the victim in the shock position if a head, neck, back, or leg injury is suspected or if it makes the victim uncomfortable.
- Further medical treatment is required. Do not attempt to treat serious burns unless you are a trained health professional.
While a small second degree burn may seem harmless, it is always smart to seek a medical professional’s opinion. Take the necessary measures to treat the burn immediately, and then, if the burn is of a significant size, take the person to receive professional treatment immediately For more information on how to treat second degree burns, here is a video that will walk you through the steps.
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